Maputo (Portuguese pronunciation:[mɐˈputu]), known as Lourenço Marques before independence, is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. It is known as the City of Acacias, in reference to acacia trees commonly found along its avenues, and the Pearl of the Indian Ocean. Today, it is a port city, with its economy centered on the harbour. According to the 2007 census, the population is 1,766,184.Cotton, sugar, chromite, sisal, copra, and hardwood are the chief exports. The city manufactures cement, pottery, furniture, shoes, and rubber. The city is surrounded by Maputo Province, but is administered as its own province.
On the northern bank of Espírito Santo Estuary of Delagoa Bay, an inlet of the Indian Ocean, Lourenço Marques was named after the Portuguese navigator who, with António Caldeira, was sent in 1544 by the governor of Mozambique on a voyage of exploration. They explored the lower courses of the rivers emptying their waters into Delagoa Bay, notably the Espírito Santo. The forts and trading stations that the Portuguese established, abandoned and reoccupied on the north bank of the river, were all called Lourenço Marques. The existing town dates from about 1850, the previous settlement having been entirely destroyed by the natives. The town developed around a Portuguese fortress completed in 1787.
Maputo is a province of Mozambique; the province excludes the city of Maputo (which comprises a separate province). The province has an area of 22,693km² and a population of 1,205,709 (2007 census). Its capital is the city of Matola.
Maputo Province is the southernmost province of Mozambique. It borders Gaza Province to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal to the south, Swaziland to the southwest, and the Mpumalanga province of South Africa to the west and northwest. The Maputo Bay area to the southeast of Maputo is an important conservation area with many reefs and lakes. Of particular note is the Maputo Elephant Game Reserve, which has lakes such as Lagoa Chingute and Lagoa Piti in the vicinity, and the Machangulo Private Nature Reserve further north of this in the Machangulo Peninsula. The largest river of the province, the Maputo River, running from Amsterdam, Mpumalanga in South Africa near the Swaziland border, flows into Maputo Bay to the southeast of Maputo. Also flowing into the bay are the Umbeluzi River and the Incomati River. In the fall of 1999, the Maputo, Umbeluzi, Incompati and Limpopo rivers were affected by severe rainfall, 70 percent higher than normal which caused severe flooding. The Maputo and Incomati burst their banks on 12 January 2000, directly affecting some 40,000, and flooding along the Incomati affected about 20,000 several days later.
The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights provide basic steps companies should take to respect human rights, including conducting due diligence to avoid causing or contributing to human rights abuses through their operations; avoiding complicity in abuses; and taking steps to mitigate them if they occur.
By DailyGuide. Avram Grant. Despite returning home from Maputo splitting points with home side Mozambique, Black Stars coach Avram Grant has expressed worry over the stalemate score line ... He has therefore rued the many chances that came the way of his charges in the return Group H leg encounter ... It depends on us to qualify ... .
Schauer, who has written a guide book on Maputo that he plans to publish soon, said a bronze statue of Salazar, built as a replacement, was moved to the library after independence. The Mozambican government has said it wants to move the statue to an old fort in Maputo where other colonial relics are stored.
A narrow-gauge sideline was one of the few racktracks in the world – a remarkable piece of engineering; while the road, which was dug with picks and shovels, is now a super highway, linking Joburg with Maputo... They asked him to transport and guide a group of Dutch surveyors, who were seeking out the best route for the line.
He describes himself as “a passionate Jo’burg ambassador and inner-city tour guide” ... Spaces & Places2.0 — JoburgPlaces is a guide to Johannesburg’s many surprising and unexpected gems ... I am also dreaming about a Maputo guide and maybe a TV series too.
The capital, Maputo, is a quaint, dilapidated place that travellers tend to skirt on their way to beaches farther north. The nearest beauty spot with good tourist facilities is Tofo, about seven hours by bus north of Maputo on a wonderfully exciting road ...Base Backpackers, 545AvenuePatrice Lumumba, Maputo, tel.
Usefully, he also had an intimate knowledge of the best places to buy bootleg whisky on the roadside — a vital skill for any guide — and knew how to stay out of the clutches of Maputo’s overzealous constabulary, who appear to position themselves on every street ...